What is a Pagan?

Paganism is an umbrella term for many different nature-based spiritual traditions.  Each Pagan tradition is unique in its practices and beliefs but there are two main beliefs that are shared amongst them.  One common belief is that everything is sacred including people, animals, plants, Earth, etc. Another common belief is that everything is interconnected, even the Divine, and everything can interact with one another.

All Pagan traditions stress personal responsibility for your beliefs and practices. Each tradition does have some basic beliefs and guidelines to follow (for example – the Wiccan Rede). However, there are no set dogmas or unquestionable truths. Pagans can seek assistance and work with others on religious belief and practice. However, each individual is ultimately responsible in seeking their own knowledge and personal experience with the Divine.

Written by: Melanie Crump


Higginbotham, Joyce and River. Paganism: An Introduction to Earth-centered Religions. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 2007.

O’Hara, Gwydion. Pagan Ways: Finding Your Spirituality in Nature. St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1997.

McColman, Carl. Complete Idiot’s Guide to Paganism. New York, NY: Penguin Group, 2002.

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